Haim Hazaz (1898 – 1973) was an Israeli novelist. Born in a small village of Sidorovichi, Kiev Governorate in the Russian Empire in 1898. Like many Jewish writers from his generation in the Russian Empire, witnessing pogroms played a formative role on his work. He lived in a number of major European cities, including Kiev, Kharkiv, Moscow, Constantinople, Paris and Berlin before emigrating to the then British Mandate of Palestine in 1931. Settling in Jerusalem. He was married to the poet Yocheved Bat-Miriam, they lost their only son, Nahum, in the Israeli war of independence in 1948. From 1961 until his death in 1973, Hazaz lived in the Jerusalem neighbourhood of Talbiya.
Hazaz was first published in 1918 under a pseudonym. He then published a number of short stories in Journals. Halfway through the 1920s, his stories where gaining recognition. Many of his works at that time have the Russian Revolution as a background. In 1930, he released his first novel (בישוב של יער), which focuses on a Jewish family in Ukraine around the Russo-Japanese War.
In 1942 (jointly with Shaul Tchernichovsky) and again in 1970, Hazaz was awarded the Bialik Prize for Literature. Then in 1953, he was awarded the Israel Prize for literature, the inaugural year of the prize.